Everything You Need to Know About Negative Equity
Negative equity is considered a taboo term in the property world and is not a phrase that the millennial generation (the majority of current house buyers) are aware of. It is not a phrase anybody would want to use in relation to their home and it can be incredibly hard to move to a new house or re-mortgage once in negative equity.
With Brexit just around the corner, many property experts have noticed an increased fear in the return of negative equity.
What is negative equity?
When your property ends up in negative equity it means that your outstanding mortgage is higher than the value of your home.
For example, let’s imagine a property was purchased for £350,000 with a mortgage of £320,000. If now your property is only worth £300,000, you would be in negative equity because your property value is less than your £320,000 mortgage.
The usual cause of negative equity tends to be a crash in property prices. However, it can also occur when a household increases their mortgage to borrow more money for a home renovation project, such as an extension or new windows.
How do you know if you’re in negative equity?
Few people discover they are in negative equity until they come to sell their home and receive a valuation from an estate agent.
Usually, most people are aware of what they owe on their mortgage but, if you need to check, this can be done by logging into your online banking portal or calling your mortgage lender.
If your mortgage is higher than the property valuation provided by your estate agent, you would be in negative equity.
Can you sell a property in negative equity?
Selling a house in negative equity will be impossible for some, as few people have enough savings to pay the difference in price between their current property and the new property they wish to purchase.
Furthermore, it is unlikely that a mortgage lender will allow property owners to change their mortgage when they’re in negative equity.
How to get out of negative equity
Negative equity is not an ideal situation to be in, but it is only really a major problem if you wish to sell your home or borrow against it. Whilst many people in negative equity stay put in their homes to slowly pay off their mortgage or wait for house prices to rise so they can be in positive equity, there are options for those who want to sell.
1. Sell and repay shortfall
Whilst not an ideal solution, some mortgage lenders will let you sell your home in negative equity and pay off the shortfall over a period of time. Conversations will need to be had with your lender to see if they would let you sell your home for less than your mortgage. This is the least optimal solution, as you could end up financially strained due to the costs associated with moving to the new property.
2. Pay down your mortgage
Mortgage rates are usually higher than savings (for which you also pay tax on interest) so reducing your mortgage with any money you have is a valid option.
Paying additional smaller amounts to pay off your mortgage faster will help, and chipping away at the total over a period of time is a great strategy. However, most lenders let you pay off up to 10% of the total remaining without a penalty.
3. Buy yourself out
If you are desperate to move and the difference in value between your home and the outstanding mortgage isn’t sky high, you could consider clearing the shortfall with borrowed money – essentially buying yourself out.
The ideal option is to borrow from family and friends but, if this is not possible, you could consider taking out an unsecured loan. However, taking out an unsecured loan will increase your total debt and is likely to be more expensive than borrowing against your mortgage.
4. Declare bankruptcy
This is the option that everyone should aim to avoid as it has bad repercussions on your ability to borrow money again in the future, along with other restrictions.
Declaring bankruptcy should only ever be considered if you find yourself in serious negative equity and fear you will find debt repayment difficult if you do sell your home.
Before ever taking this route, always contact your mortgage lender for help and seek legal advice.
5. Property repossession
Alongside declaring bankruptcy, allowing your home to be repossessed should also be a very last resort.
If your home is repossessed, you will find it very difficult to secure a mortgage in the future as your credit rating will be damaged for a minimum of six years. For the same period of time, your mortgage lender will also be able to chase you for any outstanding debts, which can add to an already stressful situation.
If your home is repossessed, it will likely be sold at a private auction, where prices are significantly lower than if the property were to be sold privately. This means you could end up owing more money to your mortgage lender than if you sold your home through an estate agent.
House repossession advice
If you are happy to stay in your current home and slowly chip away at your mortgage and wait for house prices to rise, this is undoubtedly the best option if your property is in negative equity.
If you wish to move you should seek advice from both your mortgage lender and a solicitor. Alternatively, you can receive impartial advice from your local Citizens Advice Bureau if you’d like professional and free help before going any further.